In the United States, Cord Blood Awareness Month is observed in the month of July, aiming to raise awareness among expectant parents and public for importance of preservation of umbilical cord blood containing stem cells. Common sources of stem cells are - cord blood, bone marrow and peripheral blood. When a healthy baby is born, cord blood stem cells are found in umbilical cord and placenta blood. Cord blood storage and bank preserves the cord blood cells by cryopreservation for treatment of diseases like leukemia, lymphoma, aplastic anemia, sickle cell disease, and many more. Cord blood provides a source of stem cells for a stem cell transplant. Cord contains various types of stem cells especially Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSCs) that have the natural ability to turn into other types of cells, regenerate, renew, and replace damaged cells with healthy ones. Parents have options between donating cord blood to a public bank for free, or paying to store it for their family in a private bank. About 40,000 cord blood transplants are performed worldwide and is investigated in clinical trials to treat more than eighty different conditions.
Each year four million births occur in the United States, but cord-blood is collected only 5-10 percent of the time and in remaining cases, it is discarded as medical waste. This is due to lack of knowledge regarding cord blood procedures and its benefits.
The awareness campaign encourages donors to donate cord blood. Cord blood collection is conducted in a safe, painless and non-invasive manner and does not interfere with the baby’s birth. Cord blood donated and stored at a public bank is used to save the lives of people who match the genetic profile or it can be used for a child, siblings or other relatives in future, if required.
There are rules and regulations for billing umbilical cord blood preservation. Medical billing company helps practices to report the perfect codes, clean billing, and reimburse appropriate payment for services provided.
ICD-10, CPT and HCPCS codes for Umbilical Cord Blood Harvesting and Storage are:
Z52.001 - Unspecified donor, stem cells
Z52.011 - Autologous donor, stem cells
Z52.092 - Other blood donor, stem cells
38205 - Blood-derived hematopoietic progenitor cell harvesting for transplantation, per collection; allogeneic
38206 - Blood-derived hematopoietic progenitor cell harvesting for transplantation, per collection; autologous
38207 - Transplant preparation of hematopoietic progenitor cells; cryopreservation and storage
88240- Cryopreservation, freezing and storage of cells, each cell line
S2140 - Cord blood harvesting for transplantation, allogeneic
S2142 - Cord blood-derived stem-cell transplantation, allogeneic