June 27th-Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Day
June 27 is observed as Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Day in the United States. It aims to recognize and educate people about effects of post-traumatic stress on lives of patients suffering from PTSD. PTSD is serious mental health condition and it due to chemical and neuronal changes after experience or witness a terrifying or traumatic event like accidents, natural disasters, a terrorist attack, military combat, physical or sexual assault or abuse, or other violent personal assault, which cause person to feel fearful, shocked or helpless. PTSD has long-term effects like flashbacks, difficulty sleeping, and anxiety. It is estimated that about 8 million people in the United States are suffering from PTSD. Women are more likely to be affected by PTSD than men. If timely treatment not provided, PTSD can seriously impact patients' day-to-day activities and also affect ability to perform job, maintain health and relationships, and enjoy everyday activities. Psychiatrists/ Psychologists offering treatment for this condition can rely on the services of medical billing and coding companies for appropriate billing and coding requirements.
Signs & Symptoms:
PTSD signs and symptoms begin within one month of traumatic event, but in some cases symptoms may not appear even years after the event. PTSD symptoms are classified into four types. (i) Intrusive memories (ii) Avoidance (iii) Negative changes in thinking and mood and (iv) Changes in physical and emotional reactions. Main symptoms are refusing to discuss the event, hypersensitivity to possible dangers, feeling that the event is happening again, fearful thoughts, sleeping difficulty, feelings of guilt and blame, feeling detached and estranged from others, difficulty in concentration. Other symptoms like mental health problems such as depression, phobias, and anxiety.
Diagnosis & Treatment:
Patients with PTSD are hesitant to recall or discuss the trauma, or their symptoms. Psychiatrists/ Psychologists, perform examination to check for mental health problems that may be causing symptoms. Psychological evaluation involving a discussion of the patient’s signs and symptoms and the event or events that led up to the traumatic event also performed.
Combination of psychotherapy and counseling, and medications suggested for treatment. Psychotherapy options for managing trauma like cognitive therapy, exposure therapy and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) may be suggested for treatment. Medications include antidepressants, prazosin and anti-anxiety medications. In addition, stress management training to patients also given.